Foundations in Genesis, Part 3

“For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so also by one Man’s obedience many will be made righteous” (Romans 5:19)

The Fall of Man and the Nature of Sin 

The FallHistoricity of Account

  1. Adam is real as the first man in the genealogy of men
    Gen 5:1-5; 1 Chron 1:1-4; Luke 3:23,38
  2. Probation in the Garden of Eden
    Gen 2:8-17
  3. Temptation and the Fall
    Gen 3:1-24 (6,7)
  4. The Curse and Banishment from the Presence of God
    Gen 3:8,14-19,22-24

Nature and Extent of Sin

  1. Adam’s nature before the Fall
  2. Adam’s nature after the Fall
    Gen 6:5; Gen 8:21; Rom 3:10-20
  3. Sin as Heart (Original) and Deed (Manifest)
    Ps 51:5; Matt 5:19; Jer 17:9; Matt 7:17-18

Federal Headship in Adam (Covenant of Works)

  1. Stipulation (Demand) as Law
  2. Blessing (Reward) for Obedience
  3. Curse (Punishment) for Disobedience
  4. Adam Represents his People (those who are in Adam)
    Gen 3:20; Gen 4 (immediate effects); Gen 5 (final effect)

Promised Redeemer (Protoevangel) and Federal Headship in 2nd Adam (Christ)

  1. Christ the Redeemer Foreshadowed in Genesis 3:15
    Gal 3:16
  2. Man is Aligned with the Serpent
  3. Romans 5:12-21 (Covenant Structure)
  4. The Reformed Doctrine of Imputation (see also 1 Cor 15:21-23)
    1. One sin (Adam’s) leads to death for all
    2. Many sins (from Adam’s seed) imputed to Christ
    3. Christ’s righteousness imputed to many (the elect)
    4. In Adam, all (all men) die.  In Christ, all (all the elect) are made alive.

Further Study

Recommended Books

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