Foundations in Genesis, Part 2

“Let them praise the name of the LORD, for He commanded and they were created…Let them praise the name of the LORD, for His name alone is exalted; His glory is above the earth and heaven” (Ps 148:5,13).

Creation of Heaven and Earth

CreationEvolution Compatible?

  1. See outline, Has Science Discredited the Bible?, Brian Sandifer

Common Aspects of All Genesis Creation Theories

  1. God created ex nihilo, and it was good (Gen 1:1,31)
  2. God’s oneness (Gen 1:26)
  3. God is multiple in His nature (Gen 1:26)
  4. God is moral and holy (Gen 2:16-17)
  5. God is sovereign and omnipotent (Gen 1:1-3)
  6. God is Creator, Man is Creature (Gen 1:1-2,26)
  7. God created Man in His image and likeness (Gen 1:26-27)
  8. God created Man to have dominion over the earth (Gen 1:28)

Literal Seven Day Theory

  1. The historic, traditional Church view
  2. Seven 24-hour days comprised God’s “creation week.”  On the seventh day God rested for another 24-hour day.  Hebrew word for “day” (yom) is 24 hours.

Day-Age Theory

  1. The Hebrew word for “day” (yom) represents a long age of time.
  2. Relies on the scientific evidence found in geology and astronomy.  Thus the age of the earth is probably what modern science tells us (5-7 billion years old).

Gap Theory

  1. There is indeterminate temporal gap between Gen 1:1 (creation) and Gen 1:2 (a cataclysmic judgment, possibly the Fall of Satan).
  2. Seven 24-hour days comprised God’s “creation week.”  On the seventh day God rested for another 24-hour day.  The Hebrew word for “day” (yom) is 24 hours.
  3. This theory has fallen out of Christian scholarly favor because there is no reason to posit a time gap in the text.

Framework Theory

  1. The six days of creation are topical and not chronological.  They are meant to teach a theological truth – Sabbath theology (God is the king over all creation).
  2. It is a literary argument rather than a literal or scientific argument.  It seeks to harmonize the creation accounts in Genesis 1 and 2.
  3. Does not comment on the time period of creation; it can allow for an older age of creation, but it is not necessary.
  4. The Hebrew word for “day” (yom) has a metaphorical meaning.

Further Study

Recommended Books

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